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Movies: animations illustrating Xenopus development

Xenopus laevis

Stages Movie Author Content
Single Cell to Blastula (7.5M) H.Williams and J.Smith Cleavage from one cell to blastula stage embryo.
Single Cell to Gastrula (10.6M) H.Williams and J.Smith

Synchronous development of Xenopus laevis embryos during early embryogenesis. Gastrulation follows the synchronous cleavage stages, and migrating involuted mesoderm can be seen underlying the prospective ectoderm cells.

Gastrulation (1M) M.Danilchik A morph of confocal optical sections illustrating the internal movements during gastrulation.
Gastrulation (332K) R. Keller, digitized by Jeff Hardin A dorsal surface view of gastrulating embryo.
Gastrulation through Neurulation and Tailbud (13M) H.Williams and J.Smith Time lapse dorsal view.

Xenopus tropicalis

Stages Movie Author Content
Gastrulation (1.9M) E.Amaya Color vegetal view of blastopore closure.
Neurulation and Elongation (1.8M) E.Amaya Color dorsal view of neural tube closure and tailbud elongation.


Movie Author Content
(7.3M) Eddy De Robertis Spemann-Mangold organizer transplantation experiment reenacted by Eddy De Robertis

Introductory Developmental Biology

Movie Author

indicates downloadable Quicktime .mov format movies. Download Quicktime

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