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Xenbase Image ID: 158001

Fig. 5. BMP signaling underlies Wbp2nl-induced ectopic expression phenotypes. (A) The ectopic expression of K81, foxd3 and zic2 are minimized by co-expression of Chd, a BMP antagonist. Red arrows point to weak posterior ectopic gene expression observed in those few embryos that were positively scored. (B) Immunostaining for phosphorylated SMAD 1/5/8, an indicator of BMP signaling when located in the nucleus. Only embryos in which ventral cells, which are subject to high levels of endogenous BMP signaling, showed nuclear staining were analyzed (b). No embryo injected only with lineage tracer (blue) showed nuclear staining in the neural plate (a), whereas a majority of embryos injected with lineage tracer plus wbp2nl mRNA showed nuclear staining (c). (C) Expression of Wbp2nl in the ventral epidermis causes ectopic expression of two neural crest genes (foxd3, zic2). Pink nuclei (lineage tracer) indicate the Wbp2nl containing cells. Ventral views, anterior to the top. (D) Ventral animal blastomeres were dissected from the 16-cell stage embryo and cultured in simple salt medium. Those dissected from uninjected control embryos never expressed foxd3 or zic2, whereas those that express Wbp2nl (red nuclei) always expressed these genes. Frequencies of the phenotypes and sample sizes (n) are given in each panel.

Image published in: Marchak A et al. (2017)

Copyright © 2017. Image reproduced with permission of the Publisher, Elsevier B. V.

smad1.LXsmad1, smad-1, Xmad1, MLP, XMad, smad1-a, smad1-bX.laevisThroughout NF stage 18 
krt12.4.Lepidermal keratin, epi-keratin, epiker, cytokeratin, Epidermis-specific keratin, xK81, EpK, cytok, E-keratin, ck81, K81, EpiK, xk81a1, xk81aX.laevisThroughout NF stage 18non-neural ectoderm
foxd3.LXFD-6, xfoxd3, fkh6, foxd3-a, foxd3-bX.laevisThroughout NF stage 18cranial neural crest
zic2.LZinc finger protein of the cerebellum 2, xzic2, hpe5, zic2-a, zic2-bX.laevisThroughout NF stage 18neural plate
neural plate border

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