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XB-IMG-985

Xenbase Image ID: 985


Fig. 5. Inca is required for cranial NC specification and survival after migration into the arches in Xenopus and zebrafish. Embryos were co-injected into one cell at the two-cell stage with Inca MO, together with lacZ RNA as a lineage tracer and assayed for gene expression by whole-mount in situ hybridization at stage 14 (A-D, injected sides are on the left) and stage 32 (E-H; E,G, injected sides) with probes indicated in the panels. In no case was any change in gene expression observed on the injected side [(A) Slug, n=83; (B) Sox9, n=42; (C) Sox2, n=47; (D) AP2a, n=54; (E) Dlx2, n=63; (G) Sox9, n=78]. At tadpole stage, cranial cartilage was eliminated on the injected side (left side in I). Control MO injection had no effect (J). (K-R) TUNEL staining of embryos injected with control MO (K,M,O) or Inca MO (L,N,P-R), cultured to stage 21 (K,L), stage 30 (M,N) or stage 45 (O-R). Q and R are dorsal and ventral views, respectively, of the tadpole shown in P. Black arrowheads indicate strong TUNEL signal in neurocranium (Q) and jaw cartilage (R). (S-Z) Confocal images of sox10:egfp expression in cranial NC cells of controls (S,U,W,Y) and inca1 morphants (T,V,X,Z). Lateral views, anterior to the left. Stages are indicated in the panels. First and second pharyngeal arches are indicated in S,T, and derived cartilage elements by arrowheads in Y,Z. Asterisks indicate expression of sox10:eGFP in the otic vesicle.

Image published in: Luo T et al. (2007)

Copyright © 2007. Image reproduced with permission of the publisher and the copyright holder. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.

GeneSynonymsSpeciesStage(s)Tissue
snai2.Lxslug, xSlu, slug, Snail2, XSnail2, snai2-a, snai2-bX.laevisThroughout NF stage 14neuroectoderm
sox9.Scmd1, sox-9, sra1, cmpd1, sox9-b, sox9-aX.laevisThroughout NF stage 14neuroectoderm
sox2.LXLSOX-2, Sox-2, XSox2, Xsox-2, anop3, mcops3X.laevisThroughout NF stage 14neural plate
tfap2a.LXAP-2, AP-2, tfap2alpha, ap2, xap2, AP2alpha, AP2a, tfap2a-a, tfap2a-bX.laevisThroughout NF stage 14epidermis
dlx2.LX-dll4, tes1, tes-1, Xdll4X.laevisThroughout NF stage 32neural crest
sox9.Scmd1, sox-9, sra1, cmpd1, sox9-b, sox9-aX.laevisThroughout NF stage 32neural crest

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