XB-ART-10628Dev Dyn August 1, 2000; 218 (4): 671-80.
Interaction of Frizzled 7 and Dishevelled in Xenopus.
Frizzled proteins act as putative Wnt receptors and depending on Wnt/Frizzled interactions distinct intracellular pathways can be activated. The canonical Wnt pathway, triggered by Wnt-1-type ligands, is the best characterized and involves the activation of the cytoplasmic protein Dishevelled (Dsh). The Xenopus frizzled 7 receptor (Xfz7) can act in the canonical (Wnt-1-type) as well as in a non-canonical Wnt pathway which involves the activation of protein kinase C (PKC). In order to analyze the interaction between Xfz7 and Xdsh protein, we tested the effect of overexpression of Xfz7 on the subcellular distribution of Xdsh-myc protein. We demonstrate that Xfz7 can recruit Xdsh-myc to the plasma membrane and target genes of the Wnt-1-type pathway such as siamois and nodal related 3 (Xnr-3) are only activated in the presence of exogenous Xdsh-myc. Xfz7 in combination with Xwnt-8b, however, is able to induce siamois even in the absence of Xdsh-myc. Similar results were obtained after expression of Human frizzled 5 (Hfz5) together with Xwnt-5a but this receptor-ligand combination recruits Xdsh-myc only very poorly to the membrane. These results suggests that the endogenous Xdsh pool and exogenous Xdsh-myc differ in their ability to be recruited by Frizzled receptors.
PubMed ID: 10906785
Article link: Dev Dyn
Genes referenced: dvl1 dvl2 fzd7 myc nodal sia1