XB-ART-10872Nature June 1, 2000; 405 (6786): 571-5.
An electroneutral sodium/bicarbonate cotransporter NBCn1 and associated sodium channel.
Two electroneutral, Na+-driven HCO3- transporters, the Na+-driven Cl-/HCO3- exchanger and the electroneutral Na+/HCO3- cotransporter, have crucial roles in regulating intracellular pH in a variety of cells, including cardiac myocytes, vascular smooth-muscle, neurons and fibroblasts; however, it is difficult to distinguish their Cl- dependence in mammalian cells. Here we report the cloning of three variants of an electroneutral Na+/HCO3- cotransporter, NBCn1, from rat smooth muscle. They are 89-92% identical to a human skeletal muscle clone, 55-57% identical to the electrogenic NBCs and 33-43% identical to the anion exchangers. When expressed in Xenopus oocytes, NBCn1-B (which encodes 1,218 amino acids) is electroneutral, Na+-dependent and HCO3(-)-dependent, but not Cl(-)-dependent. Oocytes injected with low levels of NBCn1-B complementary RNA exhibit a Na+ conductance that 4,4-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2''-disulphonate stimulates slowly and irreversibly.
PubMed ID: 10850716
Article link: Nature
Genes referenced: slc4a7