XB-ART-10921J Biol Chem August 18, 2000; 275 (33): 25082-8.
TrkB activation by brain-derived neurotrophic factor inhibits the G protein-gated inward rectifier Kir3 by tyrosine phosphorylation of the channel.
G protein-activated inwardly rectifying potassium channels (Kir3) are widely expressed throughout the brain, and regulation of their activity modifies neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission. In this study, we show that the neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), through activation of TrkB receptors, strongly inhibited the basal activity of Kir3. This inhibition was subunit dependent as functional homomeric channels of either Kir3.1 or Kir3.4 were significantly inhibited, whereas homomeric channels composed of Kir3.2 were insensitive. The general tyrosine kinase inhibitors genistein, Gö 6976, and K252a but not the serine/threonine kinase inhibitor staurosporine blocked the BDNF-induced inhibition of the channel. BDNF was also found to directly stimulate channel phosphorylation because Kir3.1 immunoprecipitated from BDNF-stimulated cells showed enhanced labeling by anti-phosphotyrosine-specific antibodies. The BDNF effect required specific tyrosine residues in the amino terminus of Kir3.1 and Kir3.4 channels. Mutations of either Tyr-12, Tyr-67, or both in Kir3.1 or mutation of either Tyr-32, Tyr-53, or both of Kir3. 4 channels to phenylalanine significantly blocked the BDNF-induced inhibition. The insensitive Kir3.2 was made sensitive to BDNF by adding a tyrosine (D41Y) and a lysine (P32K) upstream to generate a phosphorylation site motif analogous to that present in Kir3.4. These results suggest that neurotrophin activation of TrkB receptors may physiologically control neuronal excitability by direct tyrosine phosphorylation of the Kir3.1 and Kir3.4 subunits of G protein-gated inwardly rectifying potassium channels.
PubMed ID: 10833508
PMC ID: PMC1276699
Article link: J Biol Chem
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: bdnf kcnj3 kcnj5 kcnj6 ntrk2
References [+] :
Akiyama, Genistein, a specific inhibitor of tyrosine-specific protein kinases. 1987, Pubmed