XB-ART-11552Biochim Biophys Acta February 2, 2000; 1495 (2): 160-7.
Inhibition of hyaluronan synthesis by vesnarinone in cultured human myofibroblasts.
Hyaluronan (HA), which is a major component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), is regulated during myofibroproliferative responses to numerous forms of inflammatory stimuli. It is a key factor involved in cellular migration and adherence. The development of a potent and non-toxic inhibitor of HA synthesis would open up a new avenue for the treatment of fibrocontractive diseases such as pulmonary fibrosis and liver cirrhosis. In this study, the effects of vesnarinone (OPC-8212: 3,4-dihydro-6-[4-(3, 4-dimethoxybenzoyl)-1-piperazinyl]-2(1H)-quinolinone) on the secretion of HA in human myofibroblast cell lines (MRC-5 and LI90 cells, referred to as pulmonary and hepatic myofibroblasts, respectively) were examined. Vesnarinone specifically and dose-dependently inhibited HA secretion by myofibroblasts up-regulated by fetal calf serum (FCS). The treatment of vesnarinone did not modify the phenotype of myofibroblast cells in culture. Vesnarinone also potently inhibited the HA secretion by the two myofibroblast cell lines up-regulated by transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The addition of vesnarinone to myofibroblasts resulted in a significant decrease of HA synthase (HAS) activity, with or without the addition of FCS or either cytokine. These findings suggest that vesnarinone inhibits the secretion of HA in myofibroblasts by specifically suppressing HAS activity, and may therefore prove useful for the treatment of chronic inflammation and tissue fibrosis.
PubMed ID: 10656973
Article link: Biochim Biophys Acta