Molecular basis of NMDA receptor-coupled ion channel modulation by S-nitrosylation.
Several ion channels are thought to be directly modulated by nitric oxide (NO), but the molecular basis of this regulation is unclear. Here we show that the NMDA receptor (NMDAR)-associated ion channel was modulated not only by exogenous NO but also by endogenous NO. Site-directed mutagenesis identified a critical cysteine residue (Cys 399) on the NR2A subunit whose S-nitrosylation (NO+ transfer) under physiological conditions underlies this modulation. In cell systems expressing NMDARs with mutant NR2A subunits in which this single cysteine was replaced by an alanine, the effect of endogenous NO was lost. Thus endogenous S-nitrosylation can regulate ion channel activity.
PubMed ID: 10607390
Article link: Nat Neurosci.
Grant support: P01 HD29587 NICHD NIH HHS , R01 EY05477 NEI NIH HHS , R01 EY09024 NEI NIH HHS
Genes referenced: grin2a