XB-ART-12397Mech Dev June 1, 1999; 84 (1-2): 89-101.
Translational control of nuclear lamin B1 mRNA during oogenesis and early development of Xenopus.
Cytoplasmic polyadenylation of specific mRNAs is commonly correlated with their translational activation during development. A canonical nuclear polyadenylation element AAUAAA (NPE) and cytoplasmic polyadenylation element(s) (CPE) are necessary and sufficient for polyadenylation during egg maturation. We have characterized cis-acting sequences of Xenopus nuclear lamin B1 mRNA that mediate translational regulation. By injection of synthetic RNAs into oocytes we show that the two CPE-like elements found in the 3''-untranslated region of B1 mRNA act as translational repressors in oocytes. The same CPEs in conjunction with the NPE confer transient polyadenylation and translational activation during egg maturation. Poly(A) length determination of the endogenous lamin B1 mRNA reveals a gradual increase of poly(A) tail length in early development up to mid-blastula, and a shortening of poly(A) tails during gastrulation and neurulation. The same kinetic and extent of polyadenylation and poly(A) tail shortening is observed with synthetic RNAs injected into fertilized eggs. Polyadenylation and translational activation of these RNAs is independent of the two CPEs and a NPE during early development. While translational regulation of lamin B1 mRNA functions in parts via established mechanisms, the pattern of polyadenylation and deadenylation during early development points to a novel mode of translational regulation.
PubMed ID: 10473123
Article link: Mech Dev
Genes referenced: lmnb1 lmnb2 snrpb2
Antibodies: Lmnb3 Ab1