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J Neurosci August 15, 1999; 19 (16): 6855-64.

Identification of residues in the N terminus of alpha1B critical for inhibition of the voltage-dependent calcium channel by Gbeta gamma.

Cantí C , Page KM , Stephens GJ , Dolphin AC .

To examine the role of the intracellular N terminus in the G-protein modulation of the neuronal voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC) alpha1B, we have pursued two routes of investigation. First, we made chimeric channels between alpha1B and alpha1C, the latter not being modulated by Gbeta gamma subunits. VDCC alpha1 subunit constructs were coexpressed with accessory alpha2delta and beta2a subunits in Xenopus oocytes and mammalian (COS-7) cells. G-protein modulation of expressed alpha1 subunits was induced by activation of coexpressed dopamine (D2) receptors with quinpirole in oocytes, or by cotransfection of Gbeta1gamma2 subunits in COS-7 cells. For the chimeric channels, only those with the N terminus of alpha1B showed any G-protein modulation; further addition of the first transmembrane domain and I-II intracellular linker of alpha1B increased the degree of modulation. To determine the amino acids within the alpha1B N terminus, essential for G-protein modulation, we made mutations of this sequence and identified three amino acids (S48, R52, and R54) within an 11 amino acid sequence as being critical for G-protein modulation, with I49 being involved to a lesser extent. This sequence may comprise an essential part of a complex Gbeta gamma-binding site or be involved in its subsequent action.

PubMed ID: 10436043
PMC ID: PMC6782846
Article link: J Neurosci
Grant support: [+]
Genes referenced: suclg2

References [+] :
Bean, Neurotransmitter inhibition of neuronal calcium currents by changes in channel voltage dependence. 1989, Pubmed

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