XB-ART-12691Am J Physiol January 1, 1999; 277 (1): F121-9.
Cloning and functional expression of the mouse epithelial sodium channel.
The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) plays a major role in the transepithelial reabsorption of sodium in the renal cortical collecting duct, distal colon, and lung. ENaCs are formed by three structurally related subunits, termed alpha-, beta-, and gammaENaC. We previously isolated and sequenced cDNAs encoding a portion of mouse alpha-, beta-, and gammaENaC (alpha-, beta-, and gammamENaC). These cDNAs were used to screen an oligo-dT-primed mouse kidney cDNA library. Full-length betamENaC and partial-length alpha- and gammamENaC clones were isolated. Full-length alpha- and gammamENaC cDNAs were subsequently obtained by 5''-rapid amplification of cDNA ends (5''-RACE) PCR. Injection of mouse alpha-, beta-, and gammaENaC cRNAs into Xenopus oocytes led to expression of amiloride-sensitive (K(i) = 103 nM), Na(+)-selective currents with a single-channel conductance of 4.7 pS. Northern blots revealed that alpha-, beta-, and gammamENaC were expressed in lung and kidney. Interestingly, alphamENaC was detected in liver, although transcript sizes of 9.8 kb and 3.1 kb differed in size from the 3.2-kb message observed in other tissues. A partial cDNA clone was isolated from mouse liver by 5''-RACE PCR. Its sequence was found to be nearly identical to alphamENaC. To begin to identify regions within alphamENaC that might be important in assembly of the native heteroligomeric channel, a series of functional experiments were performed using a construct of alphamENaC encoding the predicted cytoplasmic NH(2) terminus. Coinjection of wild-type alpha-, beta-, and gammamENaC with the intracellular NH(2) terminus of alphamENaC abolished amiloride-sensitive currents in Xenopus oocytes, suggesting that the NH(2) terminus of alphamENaC is involved in subunit assembly, and when present in a 10-fold excess, plays a dominant negative role in functional ENaC expression.
PubMed ID: 10409305
Article link: Am J Physiol
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: cyp26a1 scnn1b scnn1g