Heteromeric assembly of Kv2.1 with Kv9.3: effect on the state dependence of inactivation.
Modulatory alpha-subunits of Kv channels remain electrically silent after homomeric expression. Their interactions with Kv2 alpha-subunits via the amino-terminal domain promote the assembly of heteromeric functional channels. The kinetic features of these heteromers differ from those of Kv2 homomers, suggesting a distinct role in electrical signaling. This study investigates biophysical properties of channels emerging from the coexpression of Kv2.1 with the modulatory alpha-subunit Kv9.3. Changes relative to homomeric Kv2.1 concern activation, deactivation, inactivation, and recovery from inactivation. A detailed description of Kv2.1/Kv9.3 inactivation is presented. Kv2.1/Kv9.3 heteromers inactivate in a fast and complete fashion from intermediate closed states, but in a slow and incomplete manner from open states. Intermediate closed states of channel gating can be approached through partial activation or deactivation, according to a proposed qualitative model. These transitions are rate-limiting for Kv2.1/Kv9.3 inactivation. Finally, based on the kinetic description, we propose a putative function for Kv2.1/Kv9.3 heteromers in rat heart.
PubMed ID: 10388754
PMC ID: PMC1300326
Article link: Biophys J.
Genes referenced: kcnb1