Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
Semin Cell Dev Biol. February 1, 1999; 10 (1): 109-16.

Embryological basis for cardiac left-right asymmetry.

Asymmetric heart tube looping and chamber morphogenesis is a complex process that is just beginning to be understood at the genetic level. Rightward looping is the first embryological manifestation of consistently oriented, left-right asymmetric development of nearly all visceral organs. Intuitively, invariant anatomical asymmetry must derive from a novel mechanism capable of integrating dorsoventral and anteroposterior information. The details of this process are emerging for several vertebrates and reveal that overall left-right asymmetry, once polarized with respect to dorsoventral and anteroposterior axes, unfolds through distinct left- and right-sided programs of gene expression. These, in turn, regulate expression of cardiac and chamber-specific genes which guide heart morphogenesis and differentiation.

PubMed ID: 10355035
Article link: Semin Cell Dev Biol.

External Resources:

Xenbase: The Xenopus laevis and X. tropicalis resource.
Version: 4.9.1
Major funding for Xenbase is provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, grant P41 HD064556