XB-ART-13062J Biol Chem May 14, 1999; 274 (20): 13859-64.
Coupling of M2 muscarinic receptors to membrane ion channels via phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma and atypical protein kinase C.
We report a novel signaling pathway linking M2 muscarinic receptors to metabotropic ion channels. Stimulation of heterologously expressed M2 receptors, but not other Gi/Go-associated receptors (M4 or alpha2c), activates a calcium- and voltage-independent chloride current in Xenopus oocytes. We show that the stimulatory pathway linking M2 receptors to these chloride channels consists of Gbeta gamma stimulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma (PI-3Kgamma), formation of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3), and activation of atypical protein kinase C (PKC). The chloride current is activated in the absence of M2 receptor stimulation by the injection of PIP3, and PIP3 current activation is blocked by a pseudosubstrate inhibitory peptide of atypical PKC but not other PKCs. Moreover, the current is activated by injection of recombinant PKCzeta at concentrations as low as 1 nM. M2 receptor-current coupling was disrupted by inhibiton of PI-3K and by injection of beta gamma binding peptides, but it was not affected by expression of dominant negative p85 cRNA. We also show that this pathway mediates M2 receptor coupling to metabotropic nonselective cation channels in mammalian smooth muscle cells, thus demonstrating the broad relevance of this signaling cascade in neurotransmitter signaling.
PubMed ID: 10318793
Article link: J Biol Chem
Genes referenced: arhgef7 gnao1 prkci prkcz suclg2