XB-ART-13353Mol Cell Biol April 1, 1999; 19 (4): 2585-93.
Ku-dependent nonhomologous DNA end joining in Xenopus egg extracts.
An extract from activated Xenopus eggs joins both matching and nonmatching ends of exogenous linear DNA substrates with high efficiency and fidelity (P. Pfeiffer and W. Vielmetter, Nucleic Acids Res. 16:907-924, 1988). In mammalian cells, such nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) is known to require the Ku heterodimer, a component of DNA-dependent protein kinase. Here I investigated whether Ku is also required for the in vitro reaction in the egg extract. Immunological assays indicate that Ku is very abundant in the extract. I found that all NHEJ was inhibited by autoantibodies against Ku and that NHEJ between certain combinations of DNA ends was also decreased after immunodepletion of Ku from the extract. The formation of a joint between a DNA end with a 5''-protruding single strand (PSS) and an end with a 3''-PSS, between two ends with 3''-PSS, and between two blunt ends was most Ku dependent. On the other hand, NHEJ between two DNA ends bearing 5''-PSS was Ku independent. These results show that the Xenopus cell-free system will be useful to biochemically dissect the role of Ku in eukaryotic NHEJ.
PubMed ID: 10082524
PMC ID: PMC84051
Article link: Mol Cell Biol
References [+] :
Abu-Elheiga, Antigenic determinants of the 70-kDa subunit of the Ku autoantigen. 1992, Pubmed