XB-ART-139Biol Cell November 1, 2006; 98 (11): 653-65.
Oligomerization of EDEN-BP is required for specific mRNA deadenylation and binding.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: mRNA deadenylation [shortening of the poly(A) tail] is often triggered by specific sequence elements present within mRNA 3'' untranslated regions and generally causes rapid degradation of the mRNA. In vertebrates, many of these deadenylation elements are called AREs (AU-rich elements). The EDEN (embryo deadenylation element) sequence is a Xenopus class III ARE. EDEN acts by binding a specific factor, EDEN-BP (EDEN-binding protein), which in turn stimulates deadenylation. RESULTS: We show here that EDEN-BP is able to oligomerize. A 27-amino-acid region of EDEN-BP was identified as a key domain for oligomerization. A mutant of EDEN-BP lacking this region was unable to oligomerize, and a peptide corresponding to this region competitively inhibited the oligomerization of full-length EDEN-BP. Impairing oligomerization by either of these two methods specifically abolished EDEN-dependent deadenylation. Furthermore, impairing oligomerization inhibited the binding of EDEN-BP to its target RNA, demonstrating a strong coupling between EDEN-BP oligomerization and RNA binding. CONCLUSIONS: These data, showing that the oligomerization of EDEN-BP is required for binding of the protein on its target RNA and for EDEN-dependent deadenylation in Xenopus embryos, will be important for the identification of cofactors required for the deadenylation process.
PubMed ID: 16836486
Article link: Biol Cell
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: celf1