XB-ART-13992Oncogene October 29, 1998; 17 (17): 2155-65.
Dominant-negative mutants of the SH2/SH3 adapters Nck and Grb2 inhibit MAP kinase activation and mesoderm-specific gene induction by eFGF in Xenopus.
The SH2/SH3 adapters Nck, Grb2 and Crk promote the assembly of signaling complexes by binding to tyrosine phosphorylated proteins using their SH2 domains and to proline-rich sequences on effector molecules using their SH3 domains. FGF, which activates a receptor tyrosine kinase, induces mesoderm formation in Xenopus embryos through activation of the Ras/Raf/MAPK signaling pathway. We present evidence that dominant-negative mutants of Nck and Grb2, but not Crk1, can inhibit mesoderm-specific gene induction by eFGF in Xenopus animal cap explants. We also show that dominant-negative mutants of Grb2 and Nck can inhibit eFGF-induced Erk1 activation in Xenopus animal caps, and that targeting the first two SH3 domains of Nck to the membrane can activate Erk1 in the absence of eFGF. Furthermore, combinations of the dominant-negative Grb2 mutants with the inhibitory Nck mutant synergistically inhibited Erk1 activation by eFGF in Xenopus animal caps, suggesting that the dominant-negative Nck and Grb2 mutants inhibit Erk1 activation by binding to different proteins. By contrast only Grb2 mutants could inhibit eFGF-induced Erk1 activation in human 293 cells, demonstrating diversity in the specific mechanisms of signaling from FGF to MAP kinases in different cells.
PubMed ID: 9811447
Article link: Oncogene
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: crk fgf4 grb2 mapk1 nck1