XB-ART-15283Gene January 30, 1998; 207 (2): 259-66.
The human P2X4 receptor gene is alternatively spliced.
ATP acts as a fast excitatory neurotransmitter by binding to a large family of membrane proteins, P2X receptors, that have been shown to be ligand-gated, non-selective cation channels. We report the cloning of a full-length and alternatively spliced form of the human P2X4 gene. Clones were identified from a human stomach cDNA library using a rat P2X4 probe. Nucleotide sequence analysis of positive clones identified the full-length human P2X4 cDNA, which codes for a 388-residue protein that is highly homologous (82%) to the rat gene, and an alternatively spliced cDNA. In the alternatively spliced cDNA, the 5''-untranslated region and the first 90 amino acids in the coding region of full-length human P2X4 are replaced by a 35 amino acid coding sequence that is highly homologous with a region of chaperonin proteins in the hsp-90 family. The open reading frames of the full-length and splice variant clones were confirmed by in vitro translation. Northern analysis indicated expression of the full-length P2X4 message in numerous human tissues including smooth muscle, heart, and skeletal muscles. Alternatively spliced RNAs were identified in smooth muscle and brain by RT-PCR and confirmed by RNAse protection assays using a 710 bp anti-sense RNA probe that spanned the alternatively spliced and native P2X4 regions. Injection of full-length, but not alternatively spliced, cRNA into Xenopus oocytes resulted in the expression of ATP gated non-selective cation currents.
PubMed ID: 9511769
Article link: Gene
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: hspd1 p2rx4