XB-ART-15491J Cell Sci October 1, 1997; 110 ( Pt 20) 2533-45.
Identification of an Spc110p-related protein in vertebrates.
Although varying in size and complexity, centrosomes have conserved functions throughout the evolutionary range of eukaryotes, and thus may display conserved components. In this work, we took advantage of the recent advances in the isolation of the budding yeast spindle pole body, the development of specific immunological probes and the molecular characterisation of genes involved in spindle pole body duplication or assembly. Screening a monoclonal antibody library against Saccharomyces cerevisiae spindle pole body components, we found that two monoclonal antibodies, directed against two different parts of the yeast Spc110p, decorate the centrosome from mammalian cells in an asymmetrical manner. Western blot experiments identified a 100 kDa protein specifically enriched in centrosome preparations from human cells. This protein is phosphorylated during mitosis and is tightly associated with the centrosome: only denaturing conditions such as 8 M urea were able to solubilise it. Purified immunoglobulins directed against Spc110p inhibit microtubule nucleation on isolated human centrosomes, using brain phosphocellulose-tubulin or Xenopus egg extract tubulin. This result suggested that the centrosomal 100 kDa protein could be involved in a microtubule nucleation complex. To test this hypothesis, we turned to Xenopus species, in which mAb anti-Spc110p decorated centrosomes from somatic cells and identified a 116 kDa protein in egg extract. We performed a partial purification of the gamma-tubulin-ring complex from egg extract. Sucrose gradient sedimentation, immunoprecipitation and native gels demonstrated that the Xenopus 116 kDa protein and gamma-tubulin were found in the same complex. Altogether, these results suggest the existence of an yeast Spc110-related protein in vertebrate centrosomes which is involved in microtubule nucleation.
PubMed ID: 9372442
Article link: J Cell Sci
Genes referenced: tubg1
Antibodies: Spindle Pole Ab1 Spindle Pole Ab2