XB-ART-16084Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A August 19, 1997; 94 (17): 9165-70.
CENP-E is an essential kinetochore motor in maturing oocytes and is masked during mos-dependent, cell cycle arrest at metaphase II.
CENP-E, a kinesin-like protein that is known to associate with kinetochores during all phases of mitotic chromosome movement, is shown here to be a component of meiotic kinetochores as well. CENP-E is detected at kinetochores during metaphase I in both mice and frogs, and, as in mitosis, is relocalized to the midbody during telophase. CENP-E function is essential for meiosis I because injection of an antibody to CENP-E into mouse oocytes in prophase completely prevented progression of those oocytes past metaphase I. Beyond this, CENP-E is modified or masked during the natural, Mos-dependent, cell cycle arrest that occurs at metaphase II, although it is readily detectable at the kinetochores in metaphase II oocytes derived from mos-deficient (MOS-/-) mice that fail to arrest at metaphase II. This must reflect a masking of some CENP-E epitopes, not the absence of CENP-E, in meiosis II because a different polyclonal antibody raised to the tail of CENP-E detects CENP-E at kinetochores of metaphase II-arrested eggs and because CENP-E reappears in telophase of mouse oocytes activated in the absence of protein synthesis.
PubMed ID: 9256453
PMC ID: PMC23089
Article link: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: cenpe mos
References [+] :
Barrett, Ha-rasVal-12,Thr-59 activates S6 kinase and p34cdc2 kinase in Xenopus oocytes: evidence for c-mosxe-dependent and -independent pathways. 1990, Pubmed, Xenbase