XB-ART-17200Am J Physiol January 1, 1997; 272 (1 Pt 1): C191-202.
Secondary regulatory volume increase conferred on Xenopus oocytes by expression of AE2 anion exchanger.
Xenopus oocytes lack volume regulation and Cl/anion-exchange (AE) activity but express endogenous Na+/H+ exchange (NHE). We postulated that expression in oocytes of heterologous anion exchangers might allow regulatory volume increase (RVI) via functional coupling with endogenous NHE. Expression of neither erythroid nor kidney isoforms of AE1 conferred any form of RVI. In contrast, although AE2 expression did not confer primary RVI, it did confer on oocytes secondary RVI, with a requirement for hypotonic swelling before hypertonic shrinkage. This secondary RVI required extracellular Cl- and Na+, was blocked by 4,4''-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2''-disulfonic acid and amiloride, was bumetanide insensitive, and was blocked by prevention of intracellular alkalinization, all properties consistent with functional coupling of AE2-mediated Cl-/HCO3- exchange and endogenous NHE. RVI was unaffected by CO2-HCO3- or by partial oocyte Cl- depletion and was unrelated to the rate of oocyte shrinkage. Prior hypotonic swelling did not significantly alter subsequent hypertonic stimulation of AE2-mediated 36Cl influx or efflux. We conclude that heterologous AE2 expression suffices to confer volume regulation on Xenopus oocytes that lack intrinsic volume-regulatory mechanisms.
PubMed ID: 9038825
Article link: Am J Physiol
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: slc4a1 slc9a1