XB-ART-17313Zoolog Sci December 1, 1996; 13 (6): 813-20.
cDNA cloning and expression of the Xenopus homologue of the neural adhesion molecule, contactin (F3/F11).
Contactin (F3/F11) is an immunoglobulin superfamily cell surface glycoprotein predominantly expressed in the nervous system. To examine the structure and tissue distribution of Xenopus contactin, a cDNA clone was isolated based on the amino acid sequences conserved among chicken and mammalian contactin proteins. The conceptual translate of the cDNA consists of 1005 amino acid residues that have 70% identity to those of chicken and mammalian contactin. Northern blot hybridization using a labeled cDNA fragment revealed specific expression of 6.5 kb mRNA in the brain. Monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies prepared to the recombinant Xenopus contactin peptides detected a single 135 kD band on Western blots of the brain and spinal cord extracts. Differential extraction and phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) digestion experiments showed that the immunoreactive 135 kD proteins bind, at least in part to the membrane by GPI anchor. On brain tissue sections, strong contactin immunoreactivities were detected on nerve fibers of a subset of cerebral and cerebellar neurons. These results suggest that the basic structure and tissue distribution of Xenopus contactin are similar to those in other vertebrates.
PubMed ID: 9107137
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: cntn1 gnpda1 gpi plcb1 znf160