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J Biochem December 1, 1996; 120 (6): 1182-9.

Isolation and expression of a Xenopus laevis DNA methyltransferase cDNA.

Kimura H , Ishihara G , Tajima S .

A Xenopus DNA methyltransferase cDNA was isolated from a Xenopus oocyte cDNA library by screening with the mouse DNA methyltransferase cDNA as a probe. The elucidated nucleotide sequence gave a 4,470 nucleotide open reading frame, and the predicted protein was composed of 1,490 amino acid residues, showing high homology to animal DNA methyltransferases, especially in the catalytic domain in the carboxyl-terminal region. The cysteine-rich region and the Lys-Gly repeat which were first found in the mouse sequence were conserved in Xenopus. However, 200 amino acid residues at the amino-terminus of Xenopus DNA methyltransferase were quite different from those of mouse and human, but showed 70% homology with those of chicken. The cloned Xenopus DNA methyltransferase cDNA expressed in COS1 cells showed a significant DNA methyltransferase activity. The size of the translation product of Xenopus DNA methyltransferase cDNA expressed in COS1 cells was identical with that of the endogenous DNA methyltransferase in Xenopus A6 cells and also with the size of newly synthesized DNA methyltransferase in Xenopus oocytes. However, a slightly larger immunoreactive band of about 205 kDa, and a small immunoreactive band of about 100 kDa, which were poorly labeled by short incubation with radiolabeled amino acids, were the main bands in stage I-III and stage IV-VI oocytes, respectively.

PubMed ID: 9010768
Article link: J Biochem

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