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Development July 1, 1996; 122 (7): 2207-14.
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The vegetal determinants required for the Spemann organizer move equatorially during the first cell cycle.

Sakai M .

Embryos with no dorsal axis were obtained when more than 15% of the egg surface was deleted from the vegetal pole of the early 1-cell embryo of Xenopus laevis. The timing of the deletion in the first cell cycle was critical: dorsal-deficient embryos were obtained when the deletion began before time 0.5 (50% of the first cell cycle) whereas normal dorsal axis usually formed when the deletion was done later than time 0.8. The axis deficiency could be restored by lithium treatment and the injection of vegetal but not animal cytoplasm. Bisection of the embryo at the 2-cell stage, which is known to restore the dorsal structures in the UV-ventralized embryos, had no effect on the vegetal-deleted embryos. These results show clearly that, in Xenopus, (1) the dorsal determinants (DDs) localized in the vegetal pole region at the onset of development are necessary for dorsal axis development and (2) the DDs move from the vegetal pole to a subequatorial region where they are incorporated into gastrulating cells to form the future organizing center. A model for the early axis formation process in Xenopus is proposed.

PubMed ID: 8681801
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