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Mech Dev February 1, 1996; 54 (2): 173-84.

Developmental expression and differential regulation by retinoic acid of Xenopus COUP-TF-A and COUP-TF-B.

van der Wees J , Matharu PJ , de Roos K , Destrée OH , Godsave SF , Durston AJ , Sweeney GE .

COUP-TFs (Chicken Ovalbumin Upstream Promoter Transcription Factors) have been proposed to be negative regulators of retinoid receptor-mediated transcriptional activation. In a previous paper we reported the cloning of a Xenopus (x) COUP-TF (Matharu, P.J. and Sweeney, G.E. (1992) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1129, 331-334). Here we describe the cloning of a second xCOUP-TF. Amino acid sequence comparison between these two Xenopus COUP-TFs revealed a high level of similarity. Extensive amino acid sequence conservation was found among all Drosophila, Xenopus, zebrafish and mammalian COUP-TF genes examined. Phylogenetic tree analyses indicate that the vertebrate COUP-TFs fall into three classes. The two Xenopus COUP-TF genes show similar temporal expression patterns: both are expressed from the end of gastrulation. In situ hybridization studies reveal complex expression patterns in the developing central nervous system (CNS), besides expression in the eye and in some mesodermal tissues. Retinoic acid (RA) treatment enhances xCOUP-TF-A expression in neurula stage embryos, whereas the expression of xCOUP-TF-B is inhibited during the same developmental period. The strictly conserved amino acid sequences and the strong similarities between the expression patterns of the two different xCOUP-TFs on the one hand, and other vertebrate COUP-TF homologues on the other, make it likely that COUP-TFs have a conserved role in patterning the nervous system.

PubMed ID: 8652410
Article link: Mech Dev

Genes referenced: acta1 nr2f2 nr2f5 tbx2 tf

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