XB-ART-18982J Biol Chem December 1, 1995; 270 (48): 28660-7.
Molecular properties of neuronal G-protein-activated inwardly rectifying K+ channels.
Four cDNA-encoding G-activated inwardly rectifying K+ channels have been cloned recently (Kubo, Y., Reuveny, E., Slesinger, P. A., Jan, Y. N., and Jan, L. Y. (1993) Nature 364, 802-806; Lesage, F., Duprat, F., Fink, M., Guillemare, E., Coppola, T., Lazdunski, M., and Hugnot, J. P. (1994) FEBS Lett. 353, 37-42; Krapivinsky, G., Gordon, E. A., Wickman, K., Velimirovic, B., Krapivinsky, L., and Clapham, D. E. (1995) Nature 374, 135-141). We report the cloning of a mouse GIRK2 splice variant, noted mGIRK2A. Both channel proteins are functionally expressed in Xenopus oocytes upon injection of their cRNA, alone or in combination with the GIRK1 cRNA. Three GIRK channels, mGIRK1-3, are shown to be present in the brain. Colocalization in the same neurons of mGIRK1 and mGIRK2 supports the hypothesis that native channels are made by an heteromeric subunit assembly. GIRK3 channels have not been expressed successfully, even in the presence of the other types of subunits. However, GIRK3 chimeras with the amino- and carboxyl-terminal of GIRK2 are functionally expressed in the presence of GIRK1. The expressed mGIRK2 and mGIRK1, -2 currents are blocked by Ba2+ and Cs+ ions. They are not regulated by protein kinase A and protein kinase C. Channel activity runs down in inside-out excised patches, and ATP is required to prevent this rundown. Since the nonhydrolyzable ATP analog AMP-PCP is also active and since addition of kinases A and C as well as alkaline phosphatase does not modify the ATP effect, it is concluded that ATP hydrolysis is not required. An ATP binding process appears to be essential for maintaining a functional state of the neuronal inward rectifier K+ channel. A Na+ binding site on the cytoplasmic face of the membrane acts in synergy with the ATP binding site to stabilize channel activity.
PubMed ID: 7499385
Article link: J Biol Chem
Genes referenced: kcnj3 kcnj6 kcnj9