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J Pharmacol Sci May 1, 2005; 98 (1): 58-65.

Corymine potentiates NMDA-induced currents in Xenopus oocytes expressing NR1a/NR2B glutamate receptors.

Leewanich P , Tohda M , Takayama H , Sophasan S , Watanabe H , Matsumoto K .

Previous studies demonstrated that corymine, an indole alkaloid isolated from the leaves of Hunter zeylanica, dose-dependently inhibited strychnine-sensitive glycine-induced currents. However, it is unclear whether this alkaloid can modulate the function of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor on which glycine acts as a co-agonist via strychnine-insensitive glycine binding sites. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of corymine on NR1a/NR2B NMDA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes using the two-electrode voltage clamp technique. Corymine significantly potentitated the NMDA-induced currents recorded from oocytes on days 3 and 4 after cRNA injection but it showed no effect when the current was recorded on days 5 and 6. The potentiating effect of corymine on NMDA-induced currents was induced in the presence of a low concentration of glycine (< or =0.1 microM). Spermine significantly enhanced the potentiating effect of corymine observed in the oocytes on days 3 and 4, while the NMDA-receptor antagonist 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanone (AP5) and the NMDA-channel blocker 5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine (MK-801) reversed the effect of corymine. On the other hand, the nonspecific chloride channel blocker 4,4-di-isothiocyano stilbene-2,2-disulfonoc acid (DIDS) had no effect on the corymine potentiation of NMDA currents. There was no good correlation between corymine- and spermine-induced potentiation of the NMDA-current response in Xenopus oocytes. These results suggest that corymine potentiates the NMDA-induced currents by interacting with a site different from the spermine binding site.

PubMed ID: 15888962
Article link: J Pharmacol Sci

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: grin2b