XB-ART-19954J Biol Chem March 24, 1995; 270 (12): 6843-55.
Maternal Xenopus Cdk2-cyclin E complexes function during meiotic and early embryonic cell cycles that lack a G1 phase.
Earlier work demonstrated that cyclins A1, B1, and B2 are not associated with Cdk2 from unfertilized Xenopus eggs. As a potential Cdk2 partner during meiosis, a cyclin E homolog was cloned from a Xenopus oocyte cDNA library and found to be 60% identical at the amino acid level to human cyclin E. Cyclin E1 protein was detected in resting oocytes, and the level increased severalfold in meiosis II, concomitant with the appearance of forms with decreased electrophoretic mobility. During oocyte maturation, the patterns of cyclin E1-associated kinase activity and Cdk2 activity were identical, with activity low until after germinal vesicle breakdown, peaking during meiosis II. Cyclin E1 complexes immunoprecipitated from unfertilized Xenopus eggs contained Cdk2 but not Cdc2. In cycling egg extracts Cdk2-cyclin E1-associated kinase activity oscillated, but the level of cyclin E1 protein and its association with Cdk2 did not vary appreciably; complex activity appeared to be regulated neither by the synthesis and destruction of the cyclin subunit nor by association/disassociation of the two subunits. During the early cleavage divisions in embryos, cyclin E1 and Cdk2 remained associated. The data indicate that the Cdk2-cyclin E complex functions during meiotic and embryonic cell cycles in addition to performing its established role during G1 in somatic cells.
PubMed ID: 7896832
Article link: J Biol Chem
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: cdk1 cdk2