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Dev Biol January 1, 1995; 167 (1): 148-58.

Evidence that MIF plays a role in the development of pigmentation patterns in the frog.

Fukuzawa T , Samaraweera P , Mangano FT , Law JH , Bagnara JT .

A ventrally localized melanization-inhibiting factor (MIF) may play an important role in the expression of dorsal-ventral pigment patterns of amphibians. In efforts to purify this putative MIF, ventral skin conditioned medium (VCM) from Rana forreri was partially fractionated and used to immunize mice. A monoclonal antibody that has the ability to block the activity of MIF was isolated, and an immunoaffinity matrix was prepared by cross-linking the antibody to protein G-Sepharose. The fraction of VCM that bound to the affinity matrix decreased the number of melanized cells in the Xenopus laevis neural tube explant assay, but did not reduce significantly the number of cells that emigrated. The monoclonal antibody was used for immunohistochemical studies on R. pipiens skin. Strong staining with the antibody was observed beneath the basement membrane, in mucous glands, and in the subcutaneous tissue of the ventral skin. A weak staining was also observed in the ground substances of both ventral and dorsal skin. These results confirm that a monoclonal antibody has been secured against at least one of the MIF constituents and that it is useful as a probe in detecting the distribution of MIF in tissues. The results of its use in this study support the hypothesis that MIF plays a role in the expression, development, and maintenance of the dorsal-ventral pigmentation patterns of frogs.

PubMed ID: 7851638
Article link: Dev Biol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: mif
Antibodies: MIF Ab1