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Mol Reprod Dev April 1, 1994; 37 (4): 363-9.
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cDNA cloning and expression of Xenopus sperm-specific basic nuclear protein 5 (SP5) gene.

Ariyoshi N , Hiyoshi H , Katagiri C , Abé SI .

As part of our continuing program to understand the molecular mechanisms controlling the synthesis of sperm-specific nuclear proteins (SPs1-6) during spermatogenesis in Xenopus, we report here on the isolation of a cDNA clone for SP5, the partial sequencing of the amino acids in the SPs, and the expression of the mRNA for SP5. A cDNA clone (pXSP633) was isolated from a cDNA library, previously prepared from poly (A)+ mRNA obtained from Xenopus round spermatids. Determination of the amino acid sequence of the N-terminal regions of all the SPs(1-6) suggested that pXSP633 encodes SP5, whereas SPs3, 4, and 6 are derived from a second mRNA species, and SPs1 and 2 from a third mRNA species. Thus it seems likely that the six SPs are derived from three different mRNA species. Northern blot analyses of RNA, extracted from primary spermatocytes and round spermatids, was performed with oligonucleotide probes specific for SPs4 and 5 mRNAs. The results showed that whereas both SPs4 and 5 mRNAs are expressed in primary spermatocytes, the amount of SP5 mRNA is only about one-fifth of that of SP4 mRNA. However, both mRNA species undergo a similar size change in the length of their poly (A) tracts during spermatogenesis: the size of the mRNA in cultured round spermatids on day 0 was longer than that in primary spermatocytes, but the size of the mRNA in round spermatids on day 6 was shorter than that in round spermatids on day 0.

PubMed ID: 8011321
Article link: Mol Reprod Dev

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: sms sp4 sp5