XB-ART-21739Protein Eng January 1, 1994; 7 (1): 109-15.
A calmodulin-target peptide hybrid molecule with unique calcium-binding properties.
This paper describes the production and properties of a hybrid protein comprising the full length of the Xenopus laevis calmodulin (CaM) sequence, followed, through a glycylglycine linker, by the 26-residue CaM-binding region of myosin light-chain kinase (M13). This hybrid molecule appears to have high thermal stability (Tm > 75 degrees C in the presence of Ca2+) as well as unusual Ca(2+)-binding properties: (i) a wide-range biphasic Ca(2+)-binding response (extending over pCa 4.8-7.4) and (ii) a high apparent binding constant (pCa50% = 6.3, a 10-fold increase from that of wild-type CaM). NMR and CD data indicate that the CaM-M13 hybrid molecule exists in equilibrium in an approximate 1:1 ratio between two major conformations, one of which is similar to the compact globular structure of the CaM-M13 complex [M.Ikura, G.M. Clore, A.M. Gronenborn, G. Zhu, C.B. Klee and A. Bax (1992) Science, 256, 632-638] and the other to the dumb-bell-like structure of the wild type CaM [Y.S. Babu, C.E. Bugg and W.J. Cook (1988) J. Mol. Biol., 204, 191-204]. The biphasic Ca(2+)-binding curve can be interpreted using a linear combination of two Hill binding curves with significantly different dissociation constants (2 x 10(-9) M and 8 x 10(-8) M), which can be attributed to the two conformations in equilibrium. The present study has opened an avenue to engineer proteins with higher Ca(2+)-binding affinities using the known CaM structures as a template.
PubMed ID: 8140087
Article link: Protein Eng
Genes referenced: bax