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XB-ART-22636
J Cell Sci May 1, 1993; 105 ( Pt 1) 7-21.

Interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP), a major 124 kDa glycoprotein in the interphotoreceptor matrix of Xenopus laevis. Characterization, molecular cloning and biosynthesis.

Gonzalez-Fernandez F , Kittredge KL , Rayborn ME , Hollyfield JG , Landers RA , Saha M , Grainger RM .


Abstract
We have demonstrated that the neural retina of Xenopus laevis secretes into the extracellular matrix surrounding the inner and outer segments of its photoreceptors a glycoprotein containing hydrophobic domains conserved in mammalian interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding proteins (IRBPs). The soluble extract of the interphotoreceptor matrix contains a 124 kDa protein that cross-reacts with anti-bovine IRBP immunoglobulins. In vitro [3H]fucose incorporation studies combined with in vivo light and electron microscopic autoradiographic analysis, showed that the IRBP-like glycoprotein is synthesized by the neural retina and secreted into the interphotoreceptor matrix. A 1.2 kb Xenopus IRBP cDNA was isolated by screening a stage 42 (swimming tadpole) lambda Zap II library with a human IRBP cDNA under low-stringency conditions. The cDNA hybridizes with a 4.2 kb mRNA in adult Xenopus neural retina, tadpole heads as well as a less-abundant mRNA of the same size in brain. During development, IRBP and opsin mRNA expression correlates with photoreceptor differentiation. The translated amino acid sequence of the Xenopus IRBP clone has an overall 70% identity with the fourth repeat of the human protein. Sequence alignment with the four repeats of human IRBP showed three highly conserved regions, rich in hydrophobic residues. This focal conservation predicts domains important to the protein''s function, which presumably is to facilitate the exchange of 11-cis retinal and all-trans retinol between the pigment epithelium and photoreceptors, and to the transport of fatty acids through the hydrophilic interphotoreceptor matrix.

PubMed ID: 8360278
Article link: J Cell Sci
Grant support: [+]
Genes referenced: grb10 rbp3


Article Images: [+] show captions


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