XB-ART-23142Development December 1, 1992; 116 (4): 1193-202.
Identification of RNA-binding proteins specific to Xenopus Eg maternal mRNAs: association with the portion of Eg2 mRNA that promotes deadenylation in embryos.
Maternal Xenopus Eg mRNAs have been previously identified as transcripts that are specifically deadenylated after fertilization and degraded after the mid blastula transition. Destabilizing cis sequences were previously localised in the 3'' untranslated region of Eg2 mRNA. In order to characterize possible trans-acting factors which are involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of Eg mRNAs, gel-shift and u.v. cross-linking experiments were performed, which allowed the identification of a p53-p55 RNA-binding protein doublet specific for the 3'' untranslated regions of Eg mRNAs. These p53-p55 proteins do not bind to the 3'' untranslated regions of either ornithine decarboxylase or phosphatase 2Ac mRNAs, which remain polyadenylated in embryos. These novel RNA-binding proteins are distinct from the cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein that controls the polyadenylation of maternal mRNAs in maturing Xenopus oocytes, and from previously identified thermoresistant RNA-binding proteins present in oocyte mRNP storage particles. The p53-p55 bind a portion of the Eg2 mRNA 3'' untranslated region, distinct from the previously identified destabilizing region, that is able to confer the postfertilization deadenylation of CAT-coding chimeric mRNAs. This suggests that the p53-p55 RNA-binding proteins are good candidates for trans-acting factors involved in the deadenylation of Eg mRNAs in Xenopus embryos.
PubMed ID: 1295736
Article link: Development
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: aurka cat.2 erg tp53