XB-ART-23146Histochemistry. December 1, 1992; 98 (6): 355-8.
Fate of ciliated epidermal cells during early development of Xenopus laevis using whole-mount immunostaining with an antibody against chondroitin 6-sulfate proteoglycan and anti-tubulin: transdifferentiation or metaplasia of amphibian epidermis.
Xenopus embryonic epidermis changes its cellular composition during development: the appearance of ciliated epidermal cells before hatching is a remarkable characteristic. In this study, the functional change of ciliated cells to mucus-secreting cells was examined with immunocytochemistry using anti-tubulin and anti-chondroitin 6-sulfate (C6S). Before hatching, most epidermal cells were labeled with anti-C6S in a granular fashion. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed that the anti-C6S-positive structure was the mucus granule. Ciliated epidermal cells lacked anti-C6S staining, but were strongly labeled with anti-tubulin. After hatching, most ciliated cells in the surface of the embryo disappeared. During their disappearance, some ciliated cells exhibited anti-C6S-positive granular labeling. This strongly suggests that the disappearance of ciliated cells is a functional conversion to mucus-secreting cells instead of shedding through cell death.
PubMed ID: 1293075