XB-ART-24364J Biol Chem November 15, 1991; 266 (32): 21381-5.
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The astacin family of metalloendopeptidases.
Molecular cloning of a human intestinal brush border metalloendopeptidase (N-benzoyl-L-tyrosyl-p-aminobenzoic acid hydrolase, PPH) and a mouse kidney brush border metalloendopeptidase (meprin A) has revealed 82% identity in the NH2-terminal amino acid sequences (198 residues) of the mature enzymes. Furthermore, searching of protein sequence data bases with the inferred peptide sequences as probes revealed strong similarities to astacin, a crayfish digestive protease, and an NH2-terminal domain of a human bone morphogenetic protein (BMP-1). Meprin A and PPH both have approximately 30% identity with astacin and BMP-1. Multiple alignment analysis indicated that 37 residues, including 3 cysteine residues, are strictly conserved for the four proteins in a sequence frame equivalent to the complete 200-amino acid astacin sequence. The four proteins contain a zinc-binding motif (HEXXH), found at the active site of most metalloendopeptidases, within an extended sequence of HEXXHXXGFXHE which is unique to this subgroup of metalloendopeptidases. In addition, the four proteins have 54% identity in a 24-amino acid sequence that includes the putative active site. A fifth protein, Xenopus laevis developmentally regulated protein UVS.2, also shares sequence identity with the metalloendopeptidases. These data provide strong evidence for an evolutionary relationship of these proteins. It is suggested that this new family of metalloendopeptidases be called the "astacin family."
PubMed ID: 1939172
Article link: J Biol Chem
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: astl astl2a astl2b astl2c astl2d.1 astl2d.2 astl2d.3 astl2d.4 astl2d.5 astl2e.1 astl2e.2 astl2f astl2g astl3a.1 astl3a.2 astl3a.3 astl3b.1 astl3b.2 astl3b.3 astl3b.4 astl3c bmp1 eno1 mep1a mep1b tll1 tll2