XB-ART-25903Mol Endocrinol May 1, 1990; 4 (5): 743-8.
Conversion of the prohormone T4 to the active hormone T3 is catalyzed by 5''-deiodinases, enzymes that have not been purified. Previous studies have shown that modulating thyroid status results in changes in type I deiodinase activity in the rat liver. We have quantitated type I deiodinase mRNA in liver by an expression assay using Xenopus laevis oocytes. We report here that changes in enzyme activity correlate closely with changes in levels of the mRNA for this enzyme, indicating that thyroid hormone regulates type I deiodinase at a pretranslational step. Using the oocyte system to express size-fractionated mRNA, we have also determined that the mRNA coding for this protein is between 1.9-2.4 kilobases in length. It has been proposed that protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) is closely related to the rat type I 5''-deiodinase. Our results indicate that this is not the case, since injection of in vitro transcribed PDI mRNA into oocytes did not result in expression of deiodinase activity, and the deiodinase mRNA could be physically separated from the 2.8-kilobase mRNA species hybridizing to rat PDI cRNA by size fractionation.
PubMed ID: 2274056
Article link: Mol Endocrinol
Genes referenced: pdia2