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J Biol Chem November 25, 1989; 264 (33): 19577-82.

Biochemical characterization of the p34cdc2 protein kinase component of purified maturation-promoting factor from Xenopus eggs.

Erikson E , Maller JL .

Genetic studies in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe and biochemical data in oocytes and eggs of Xenopus laevis have implicated the product of the cdc2+ gene as critical for the G2 to M transition in the cell cycle. The product of the cdc2+ gene is a 34-kDa serine/threonine protein kinase, designated p34cdc2, that is a component of purified maturation-promoting factor (MPF) and also of purified mammalian growth-associated histone H1 kinase. The biochemical properties of p34cdc2 H1 kinase activity in the MPF complex were studied. Phosphorylation of the p45cyclin component in the MPF complex by p34cdc2 exhibited kinetics consistent with an intramolecular reaction. On glycerol gradient centrifugation, MPF kinase against several substrates sedimented with an apparent Mr = 45,000-55,000. p34cdc2 was found to utilize ATP, GTP, and adenosine 5''-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) with apparent Km values of 75, 700, and 250 microM, respectively. The kinase activity was inhibited by beta-glycerophosphate, NaF, and zinc, whereas p-nitrophenyl phosphate was slightly stimulatory. The relative rates of phosphorylation of various substrates by MPF and growth-associated H1 kinase were similar. These findings should prove useful in further work on the regulation of MPF kinase activity and characterization of its substrates.

PubMed ID: 2684959
Article link: J Biol Chem
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: cdk1