XB-ART-27479Dev Biol June 1, 1988; 127 (2): 421-34.
Persistence and replication of plasmid DNA microinjected into early embryos of Xenopus laevis.
The persistence and replication of defined circular and linear plasmid DNA molecules microinjected into fertilized eggs of Xenopus laevis were analyzed. For all plasmids tested, a small fraction of microinjected circular molecules was replicated; however, the overall copy numbers of either free form I or form II molecules usually did not increase through blastulation. In contrast, extensive amplification of input DNA sequences was seen whenever the microinjected DNA was assembled into high molecular weight concatemers. Moreover, the appearance and subsequent replication of injected sequences in high molecular weight DNA were enhanced when linear (form III), rather than circular, molecules were microinjected. The injected form III DNA was rapidly converted into long linear concatemers. All possible orientations of monomeric molecules within the concatemers were observed although, on occasion, head-to-tail orientations were favored. Long linear concatemers were replicated very efficiently, irrespective of the sequence of the input DNA. Form I and form II DNA molecules were also formed in the embryo from microinjected form III DNA. A small fraction of these circular forms was replicated, although overall copy numbers did not increase significantly. Form III molecules that remained monomeric were not observed to be replicated at all within our limits of detection. In some batches of embryos, form I and form II DNA molecules were replicated to the extent that overall copy number increased. Even in these cases, however, the amplification of long linear concatemers of the input DNA sequences was more efficient.
PubMed ID: 3378672
Article link: Dev Biol