Due to necessary maintenance, Xenbase will be unavailable December 24-30, 2014. We apologize for the inconvenience.

Click on this message to dismiss it.
Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
XB-ART-2767
Nat Immunol. December 1, 2004; 5 (12): 1275-81.

An evolutionarily conserved target motif for immunoglobulin class-switch recombination.

Zarrin AA , Alt FW , Chaudhuri J , Stokes N , Kaushal D , Du Pasquier L , Tian M .


Abstract
Immunoglobulin H class-switch recombination (CSR) occurs between switch regions and requires transcription and activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID). Transcription through mammalian switch regions, because of their GC-rich composition, generates stable R-loops, which provide single-stranded DNA substrates for AID. However, we show here that the Xenopus laevis switch region S(mu), which is rich in AT and not prone to form R-loops, can functionally replace a mouse switch region to mediate CSR in vivo. X. laevis S(mu)-mediated CSR occurred mostly in a region of AGCT repeats targeted by the AID-replication protein A complex when transcribed in vitro. We propose that AGCT is a primordial CSR motif that targets AID through a non-R-loop mechanism involving an AID-replication protein A complex.

PubMed ID: 15531884
Article link: Nat Immunol.
Grant support: AI07512 NIAID NIH HHS , AI31541 NIAID NIH HHS

Genes referenced: cda
Antibodies referenced:
Morpholinos referenced:

My Xenbase: [ Log-in / Register ]
version: [3.3.1]


Major funding for Xenbase is provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, grant P41 HD064556