XB-ART-28221J Biol Chem March 25, 1987; 262 (9): 4109-15.
Receptor-mediated endocytosis in Xenopus oocytes. I. Characterization of the vitellogenin receptor system.
We have investigated the vitellogenin (VTG) receptor system in Xenopus oocytes since these cells are specialized for endocytosis. Oocytes have between 0.2 and 3 X 10(11) receptors per 1-mm cell. There is only a single class of receptors of low affinity (1.3 X 10(-6) M at 22 degrees C and 2-4 X 10(-6) M at 0 degree C), but high specificity (less than 5% nonspecific binding at 2 X 10(-6) M). The specific internalization rate of the VTG receptor (around 2 X 10(-3) s-1) is first order, highly variable, and at the upper end of the range of values reported for mammalian cells. The receptor association rate constant (9.6 X 10(2) M-1 s-1) is extremely low although the dissociation rate constant was immeasurable. Calcium is required for VTG binding, and low pH does not dissociate the VTG-receptor complex. Monensin treatment at 100 microM caused the loss of surface receptors with a t1/2 of 3 h and the accumulation of internalized ligand in a "pre-lysosomal" endocytic compartment. Conversely, the recovery of surface VTG receptors that were removed with trypsin occurred with a t1/2 of about 2 h. These observations indicate that oocytes have very large intracellular pools of receptors and that although surface receptors are internalized on the time scale of minutes, the intracellular pool is recycled on the time scale of hours.
PubMed ID: 3031062
Article link: J Biol Chem
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: prss1 vldlr