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XB-ART-28306
Development January 1, 1987; 99 (1): 3-14.

A mesoderm-inducing factor is produced by Xenopus cell line.



Abstract
Inductive interactions play a major role in the diversification of cell types during vertebrate development. These interactions have been extensively studied in amphibian embryos (usually Xenopus laevis) where the earliest is mesoderm induction, in which an equatorial mesodermal rudiment is induced from the animal hemisphere under the influence of signal from the vegetal hemisphere. The molecular basis of mesoderm induction is unknown, although Tiedemann has isolated a protein form 9- to 13-day chick embryos that has the properties one would expect of a mesoderm-inducing factor. However, the relevance of this molecule to the events of early amphibian development is unclear, and it is a matter of some importance to discover a Xenopus mesoderm-inducing factor. In this paper I show that the Xenopus XTC cell line secretes mesoderm-inducing activity into the culture medium. Isolated animal pole regions cultured in XTC-conditioned medium differentiate into muscle and notochord, while controls form ''atypical epidermis''. Three different cell lines -XL, XL177 and KR- secrete no such activity indicates that the active principle is heat stable, trypsin sensitive, nondialysable, and has an apparent relative molecular mass of about 16,000. Work is in progress to characterize the activity further and to discover whether the mesoderm-inducing factor is also present in normal embryos.

PubMed ID: 15005106
Article link: Development

Genes referenced: ccdc34 kif22 myh3 prss1
Antibodies: Somite Ab1


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