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Peptides January 1, 1987; 8 (1): 61-7.

An NPY-like peptide may function as MSH-release inhibiting factor in Xenopus laevis.

Verburg-van Kemenade BM , Jenks BG , Danger JM , Vaudry H , Pelletier G , Saint-Pierre S .

This study demonstrates the presence of a rich plexus of neuropeptide Y (NPY) immunoreactive fibers in the hypothalamus and in the intermediate lobe of the pituitary of Xenopus laevis. During superfusion of neurointermediate lobe tissue, synthetic NPY induces a rapid, powerful and dose-dependent inhibition of in vitro release of MSH, endorphin and other proopiomelanocortin (POMC) derived peptides. Therefore, NPY undoubtedly is one of the growing number of neuropeptides that are likely involved in control of the amphibian MSH cells. Although a number of stimulatory neuropeptides have been found, this is the first neuropeptide to apparently function through an inhibitory mechanism. In that a 2-hr treatment with NPY did not influence POMC biosynthesis, nor processing of this prohormone to smaller peptides, we conclude that the primary action of NPY is a direct effect on the secretory process of the MSH cell.

PubMed ID: 2883634
Article link: Peptides

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: npy pomc