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Peptides ; 7 (5): 827-34.

Identification of His5,Trp7,Tyr8-GnRH (chicken GnRH II) in amphibian brain.

King JA , Millar RP .

GnRH immunoreactive and bioactive peptides in Xenopus laevis brain extract were investigated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), radioimmunoassay with region-specific antisera raised against GnRH (mammalian), His5,Trp7,Tyr8-GnRH (chicken II) and Tyr3,Leu5,Glu6,Trp7,Lys8-GnRH (lamprey), and by assessment of biological activity. Two immunoreactive peptides eluted in the same positions as GnRH and His5,Trp7,Tyr8-GnRH respectively in HPLC systems which were specifically designed to separate four known natural vertebrate GnRHs (mammalian, chicken I and II, salmon). The immunological properties of these two immunoreactive peaks, determined by relative interaction with three region-specific antisera raised against mammalian GnRH and two specific His5,Trp7,Tyr8-GnRH antisera, were identical to those of GnRH and His5,Trp7,Tyr8-GnRH. The immunoreactive peak co-eluting with His5,Trp7,Tyr8-GnRH represented approximately one-third of the total brain GnRH. Both immunoreactive peaks stimulated luteinizing hormone (LH) release in a chicken dispersed pituitary cell bioassay, and the amounts of LH release stimulated by the two peaks were appropriate for these peaks being GnRH and His5,Trp7,Tyr8-GnRH. A small hydrophobic peak with GnRH immunoreactivity eluted in the same position as Trp7,Leu8-GnRH (salmon), while Gln8-GnRH (chicken I) and lamprey GnRH were not detected. Two additional rather hydrophilic peptides cross-reacted with a COOH-terminus-directed antiserum and had LH-releasing activity. LH-releasing activity was also detected in hydrophobic HPLC fractions. In summary, these data provide evidence for the presence of both GnRH and a second peptide with properties identical to His5,Trp7,Tyr8-GnRH in X. laevis brain.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PubMed ID: 3540909
Article link:

Genes referenced: gnrh1

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