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J Biol Chem March 15, 1986; 261 (8): 3676-80.

Sequence of preprocaerulein cDNAs cloned from skin of Xenopus laevis. A small family of precursors containing one, three, or four copies of the final product.

Richter K , Egger R , Kreil G .

From skin of Xenopus laevis, cDNA libraries were constructed and clones coding for the precursors of caerulein were isolated and sequenced. Using restriction endonuclease digestions, three different types of preprocaerulein cDNAs could be discerned. These were termed types I, III, and IV in accordance with the number of caerulein copies present in the sequence, the type III being the most abundant one. An incomplete copy of a fourth variant, termed type I'', was also found. Besides deletions/insertions encompassing one or two caerulein sequences, these types also differ from each other by several point mutations. In the homologous precursor polypeptides deduced from the nucleotide sequence of these cloned cDNAs, the caerulein copies are flanked by complex processing sequences. These are Arg-Arg-Phe-Ala-Asp-Gly or Arg-Arg-Asp-Gly at the amino-terminal side and Gly-Arg-Arg at the carboxyl end. Between caerulein copies, highly homologous segments are present both at the polypeptide and cDNA level. This homology is evident both within a given precursor, where up to three such segments are present, and between the different types of precursors. We conclude that preprocaerulein cDNAs in the skin of X. laevis represent a small family, at least part of which is derived from different genes rather than being formed by alternative splicing of pre-mRNAs.

PubMed ID: 3753978
Article link: J Biol Chem

Genes referenced: xt6l

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