XB-ART-29460J Comp Neurol December 10, 1984; 230 (3): 352-60.
Uptake of 3H-glycine in the outer plexiform layer of the retina of the toad, Bufo marinus.
The uptake of 3H-glycine in the retina of the toad, Bufo marinus, was investigated by light and electron microscopical autoradiography. Uptake of 3H-glycine was very prominent in large cell bodies in the inner nuclear layer as well as in discrete clusters in both the outer plexiform layer (OPL) and the inner plexiform layer. This pattern in similar to that described for 3H-glycine-accumulating putative interplexiform cells in goldfish, frog, and Xenopus retinas. Electron microscopical autoradiography of the OPL revealed large, grain-containing varicosities which had electron-lucent cytoplasm and contained both small, agranular and large, dense-core vesicles. The varicosities made extensive en passant and spine synapses in the OPL. Definitive identification of their postsynaptic targets was not achieved. However, autoradiographic analysis with 3H-GABA uptake as well as electrophysiological evidence suggests that axons but not cell bodies or dendrites of 3H-GABA-accumulating horizontal cells (H1 cells) are postsynaptic targets of the varicosities. The presence of dense-core vesicles in the varicosities suggested co-occurrence of glycine and a biogenic amine or neuropeptide. The indirect immunofluorescence technique was used to determine whether any such substances were present in the OPL of the toad retina. However, no specific labeling was found in the OPL for any of 19 substances tested. The extensive synaptic output provided by glycine-accumulating varicosities in the toad OPL may indicate an important role of glycine in the synaptic function of the distal toad retina. We suggest that these varicosities derive from a presumably glycinergic interplexiform cell.
PubMed ID: 6097600
Article link: J Comp Neurol
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: zic1