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EMBO J November 1, 1984; 3 (11): 2477-83.

Xenopus hsp 70 genes are constitutively expressed in injected oocytes.

Bienz M .

Xenopus heat-shock genes are transiently heat-inducible in somatic cells, but they are also subject to a long-term developmental control in oogenesis and early embryogenesis. In order to understand whether different genes or different promoter elements are involved in the two types of control, several genomic clones coding for Xenopus heat-shock proteins, hsp 70 and hsp 30, were isolated, characterised and tested for expression in oocytes and COS cells. Three isolated hsp 70 genes are nearly identical in their promoter and mRNA leader sequences, indicating that there is only one type of hsp 70 gene. These promoters contain a consensus sequence element (CT-GAA--TTC-AG) upstream of the TATA-box, which is presumably required for their transient heat-inducibility. The two isolated hsp 30 genes show 5''-flanking sequences similar to each other, except that one of them shows a homology disruption precisely around the consensus sequence element. The same gene contains a frameshift mutation in the protein coding part and, since it cannot be expressed after introduction into oocytes or COS cells, it is probably a pseudogene. The other hsp 30 gene is strongly heat-inducible in injected oocytes or transfected COS cells. In contrast, the hsp 70 genes are strongly heat-inducible in COS cells, but their expression is highly efficient in injected oocytes at the normal temperature and is not increased during heat shock. This represents correct cell type-specific regulation of a cloned reintroduced gene, since the endogenous hsp 70 genes are constitutively activated during oogenesis, leading to the accumulation of stored hsp 70 mRNA in oocytes.

PubMed ID: 6510409
PMC ID: PMC557715
Article link:

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: ag1 gaa hsp30c hsp30d hsp30e hsp70

References [+] :
Bensaude, Heat shock proteins, first major products of zygotic gene activity in mouse embryo. 1983, Pubmed