XB-ART-29762Dev Biol April 16, 1984; 297 (2): 337-55.
Axonal transport of [35S]methionine labeled proteins in Xenopus optic nerve: phases of transport and the effects of nerve crush on protein patterns.
Axonal transport of proteins in the Xenopus optic nerve was examined by labeling proteins in the eye with [35S]methionine injected intraocularly and then analyzing the labeled proteins in the eye, nerve, and tectum on linear gradient SDS polyacrylamide gels at different times after the injection. Because the optic nerve in Xenopus is short, in order to distinguish transported proteins from locally synthesized proteins, the optic nerve on one side of the animal was crushed at the orbit (to stop axonal transport) 5-30 min prior to injection and the crushed and normal nerve segments were compared. Proteins in the intact nerve which were absent in the crushed nerve were identified as axonally transported proteins. By such criteria several waves corresponding to transported material moving at greater than or equal to 6 mm/day, 1.6-2.8 mm/day, and approximately 0.2 mm/day were detected in the nerve. The most rapid phases of transport could be further resolved in the optic tectum into 3 additional components at 60-96 mm/day, 30-48 mm/day, and 6-11 mm/day. Analysis of labeled proteins in the crushed nerves distal to the crush, near the injury site, revealed several locally synthesized proteins (mol. wt. 54,000, 48,000, 43,000 daltons) which were not present in normal, uninjured nerves. Such proteins are probably synthesized by glia in response to injury.
PubMed ID: 6202364