XB-ART-30167Peptides ; 4 (4): 457-62.
Is caerulein amphibian CCK?
The amphibian skin decapeptide caerulein is structurally related to the mammalian peptides gastrin and CCK, suggesting that the peptides might share a common evolutionary history. It has been suggested that caerulein is the amphibian counterpart of gastrin and CCK, and that the Amphibia do not possess authentic gastric and CCK. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) in conjunction with radioimmunoassay using a caerulein-specific antiserum and C-terminal CCK antisera, was used to characterize CCK-and caerulein-like peptides in amphibian brain and gut. In the brain of Xenopus laevis, two CCK-like peptides were present, one of which was indistinguishable by HPLC from mammalian CCK8. No decapeptide caerulein was detected in the brain of Xenopus laevis or Rana temporaria. In the stomach of Xenopus and in the intestine of both species studied, CCK-like and caerulein-like peptides were present. The results indicate therefore that the Amphibia possess CCK8-like rather than caerulein-like peptides in brain. In contrast, stomach and intestine contain both CCK-like and caerulein-like peptides, but the latter are however distinguishable from the decapeptide found in skin.
PubMed ID: 6606162
Genes referenced: cck gast xt6l