XB-ART-3050J Biol Chem November 19, 2004; 279 (47): 49188-98.
Adenomatous polyposis coli is down-regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in a process facilitated by Axin.
Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) protein and Axin form a complex that mediates the down-regulation of beta-catenin, a key effector of Wnt signaling. Truncation mutations in APC are responsible for familial and sporadic colorectal tumors due to failure in the down-regulation of beta-catenin. While the regulation of beta-catenin by APC has been extensively studied, the regulation of APC itself has received little attention. Here we show that the level of APC is down-regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and that Wnt signaling inhibits the process. The domain responsible for the down-regulation and direct ubiquitination was identified. We also show an unexpected role for Axin in facilitating the ubiquitination-proteasome-mediated down-regulation of APC through the oligomerization of Axin. Our results suggest a new mechanism for the regulation of APC by Axin and Wnt signaling.
PubMed ID: 15355978
Article link: J Biol Chem