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XB-ART-30583
J Exp Zool August 10, 1982; 222 (2): 173-86.

Characterization of spermatid/sperm basic chromosomal proteins in the genus Xenopus (Anura, Pipidae).

Mann M , Risley MS , Eckhardt RA , Kasinsky HE .


Abstract
Spermatid/sperm basic chromosomal proteins from 17 species and subspecies of the genus Xenopus (Anura, Pipidae) were compared. Electrophoresis on acetic acid/urea/Triton X-100 polyacrylamide gels revealed that each Xenopus species with a diploid chromosome number of 36, 72, or 108 showed multiple, diverse spermatid/sperm-specific basic chromatin proteins with mobilities greater than the somatic histones. The numbers and mobilities of these proteins were characteristic of each Xenopus species and each subspecies of Xenopus laevis. Cytochemical tests revealed that the sperm basic nuclear proteins of these Xenopus species and subspecies were rich in arginine and lysine and contained more arginine than the nuclear proteins of somatic cells. X. tropicalis (2n = 20) and X. sp. n. (Zaire) displayed spermatid/sperm-specific basic chromatin proteins which migrated within the histone H1 region of acetic acid/urea/Triton X-100 polyacrylamide gels. Cytochemically the sperm nuclei of these species resembled those of somatic cells. These observations suggest that spermatid/sperm basic nuclear proteins can be used as molecular markers for individual species and subspecies of the genus Xenopus.

PubMed ID: 7130928
Article link: J Exp Zool